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Tesla Turbines, used to Create Electric Power

Experimental technologies designed, reduce pollution

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The traditional combustible engine has proven to be extremely inefficient, with a very high percentage of lost energy. The Sea Bird Adventure team is working to adapt a tesla turbine for the ship that maximizes energy efficiency. More efficiency means less waste and less fuel used. Since the trip to clean the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is estimated to take weeks, an efficient engine is essential. Waste oil as well as alternative propulsion are just two concepts being considered. More in-depth testing is being done on the incorporation of pulse detonation and closed loop steam systems, AC VC motors, and pyrocatalytic cracking. This propulsion system is thought to not only create less physical pollution, but noise pollution and will lead the industry towards a greener future.
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Working Turbine

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Disposed Waste Oil

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Up to 40 percent of your fuel is wasted here.

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Written by Robert Mason

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Experimental Investigation of Superheated Electrolysis and the exploration of Adiabatic Compression in Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems

Hydraulic systems use a incompressible fluid, such as water. Pneumatic systems use a compressible fluid, such as air.

Pascal's law is a hydrostatic principle that states when there is an increase in galactic butterflypressure at any point in a confined fluid, there is an equal increase in pressure at every point in that fluid, which is transmitted at the same rate in all directions.

In a Hydraulic system using Water as the incompressible fluid, Pressure is directly proportional to Force applied and inversely proportional to Area. It is this relationship that allows the principle of mechanical advantage to be exploited.

Pressure = Force x Area

A Pneumatic system using Air as the compressible gas is governed by the Combined Gas Law, which combines Charles's Law, Boyles's Law and Gay-Lussac's Law. The relationship between the variables can be stated as: 

The ratio between the pressure-volume product and the temperature of a system remains constant.

and mathematically is expressed as:

( Pressure x Volume ) / Temperature = Constant

P V / T = k

Change in the system can be calculated by:

P1 V1 / T1 = P2 V2 / T2

where 1 indicates starting conditions and 2 indicates final conditions.


Written by Kris Land

User Rating: / 5

Many people have begun using waste oil as a less expensive way to produce energy. Waste oil can be described as oil after it has been used once. The detailed definition would state that waste oil is any petroleum based or synthetic oil that has become unsuitable for its original purpose because of handling or use. After being used, oil contains impurities and begins to use its original characteristics that made it potent as a fuel source.

Consumption of Oil Around the World

oil-usageOil consumption is a big issue today. Many countries use a great deal of oil on a daily basis, with the United States being the highest with 20,680,000 barrels per day in 2007. China came in at 7,578,000 barrels per day and Japan with 5,007,000 the same year. Russias 2007 consumption was measured at 2,858,000 and India was at 2,722,000 daily barrels.

To appreciate how those numbers of grown over time, take a look at 2001s barrels per day statistics. Just six years earlier, the United States as at 19,650,000 barrels per day. China was listed at 4,570,000 barrels, Russia at 2,595,000 and India was around 2,130,000. While these countries went up, Japan went down with at 5,290,000 barrels per day. On a world scale, that is significant consumption of a non-renewable resource. That also means a great deal of waste oil production throughout the globe.


Written by Sarah Paulin

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Nikola Tesla, the inventor of the Tesla Turbine, determined that there were three key points to achieving maximum efficiency with the turbine:

  • Inlet Nozzle
  • Disk Geometry
  • Outlet Nozzle

The Inlet Nozzle:

The inlet nozzle is thought to be the most important


component with a complex shape that is needed to achieve maximum conversion of gas pressure to shaft horsepower. The two functions of an inlet nozzle include: conversion of gas pressure into gas kinetic energy; and directing that gas kinetic energy through parallel

streams and into the rotor, or turbine disk pack.

There are a variety of nozzle designs. The traditional convergent-divergent nozzle is seen in Figure 1.


Written by Sarah Paulin

User Rating: / 9

complex engineAll engines work generally the same way. A turbine is rotated and used to generate an energy charge. The question of fuel comes in when figuring out how to get the turbine to move to create that current. A traditional engine is called a combustion engine. This means that a fuel source is burned, creating a small explosion which gives off energy that is used to turn the turbine. Most people are familiar with gasoline or diesel powered engines, such as those used in cars and trucks. These engines are not the most efficient, but are currently the least expensive to produce and maintain, at least for the short term.

Gasoline sparks faster and easier than diesel engines, particularly in cold climates and are relatively quieter and cleaner. Diesel is considered to be safer than gas because it is less flammable. It also has a longer storage life. Diesel engines are thought to be more reliable because they do not possess an electronic ignition system making them less expensive to maintain. They also have to potential to burn recycled fuel, such as vegetable oil which is more environmentally friendly and sustainable.

However, both diesel and gasoline engines emit toxic fumes that are hazardous to inhale and to the environment. The refining method is similar for both products as well. They are both formed from crude oil which is either shipped by the barrel from the Middle East or tapped in locations such as Texas and Alaska, causing environmental harm at the drill site. The crude oil is separated into different fractions by distillation which breaks down the hydrocarbon molecule structures, again releasing toxic fumes.simple design tesla turbine

The tesla turbine is unique in that it is not traditional in appearance or function. Instead of blades and pistons, it has a series of disks attached to a shaft within a chamber. Fluid is passed through the chamber, turning the disks, rotating the shaft and generating energy. This design provides much more efficiency due to fewer moving parts and is not dependent on crude oil market fluctuations. It can be run on a variety of different liquids, such as the more sustainable waste fuel which is reused from industrial cooking oil.

This is the very thing the Sea Bird Adventure team is working to develop. The tesla turbine has never been applied to a marine vessel and we hope to retrofit the Sea Bird Adventure with this more sustainable form of propulsion.


Written by Phoenix Navigation

User Rating: / 18

According to Nikola Tesla, the

Three key efficiency points of his turbine are:

  • the inlet nozzle
  • disk geometry
  • the outlet nozzle

Tesla Turbine ImprovementDisk Geometry

Disk geometry is a simple matter of using the right material with the right spacing and the right number position of spacers, or sandwiched elements.

Starting with materials, use a good high strength stainless steel like 361 or 461 with as bright a polish as possible.

Space the disks anywhere from 0.032 inch to 0.125 inch, with the narrow spacing developing higher torque, lower horsepower -- and conversely.

Spacers should consist of a star type for the center, with 0.5 inch round washers placed at the mid and outer periphery positions. On a 10-inch turbine you would use six washers at the midpoint, 12 at the outer periphery.

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1944: Camano Class Light Cargo Ship was laid down for the US Army as FS-289 at Wheeler Shipbuilding in Whitestone, NY.

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1945: Delivered to US Army.

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1950: Acquired by the US Navy on July 1, 1950 and placed in service as USNS New Bedford (T-AKL-17).

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1954: The movie, Mister Roberts, was made on the USNS New Bedford (T-AKL-17).

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1955 - 1963: Used as a cargo supply ship for the Texas Towers, a network of advanced radar stations located off the Eastern Seaboard. In 1957, Capt. Sixto Mangual was commander of the AKL-17 and in 1961 it was rechristened the USNS New Bedford. The New Bedford, sailing out of State Pier, was keeping vigil when Texas Tower No. 4 callapsed off the New Jersey coast during a January 1961 nor'easter.

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1963: Reclassified as Miscellaneous Unclassified (IX-308).

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1971: The New Bedford (IX-308) served as a Torpedo Test Firing Vessel in the Puget Sound area.

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1994: Ceremony in New Bedford.

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1995: The ship was struck from the Naval Register on April 4.

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2004: The Sea Bird's current disposition is a tuna long liner (fishing boat) out of San Diego, CA.

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2006: Design of the Tesla Turbine began on June 11, 2006. The Sea Bird was sold by Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service for commercial service.

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2007: The Sea Bird was drydocked for renovations.

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2008: The Sea Bird setting sail to Sea-Tac in Seattle, WA.

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2009 - 2010: The Sea Bird is currently docked at Seattle Sea-Tac.

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